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Republic of India
Location: India lies to the north of the equator between 8' 4' and 37o 6' north latitude and 68o 7' and 97o 25' east longitude. It is bounded on the southwest by the Arabian Sea and on the southeast by the Bay of Bengal. On the north, northeast and northwest lie the Himalayan ranges. Kanyakumari constitutes the southern tip of the Indian peninsula where it gets narrower and narrower, loses itself into the Indian Ocean.
   
                                  Capital New Delhi
28°34'N 77°12'E
                                  Largest city Mumbai (Bombay)
                                  Official language(s) Hindi, English and 21 other languages
                                  Government Federal republic
                                                    - President APJ Abdul Kalam (25 July 2002-Present)
                                                    - Prime Minister Manmohan Singh (22 May 2004-Present)
                                  Independence From the UK
                                                    - Commonwealth 1947-08-15
                                                    - Republic 1950-01-26
                                  Area  
                                                    - Total 3,287,590 km² (7th)
1,269,346 sq mi
                                                    - Water (%) 9.56
                                  Population  
                                                    - 2005 est. 1,103,371,000 (2nd)
                                                    - 2001 census 1,027,015,247
                                                    - Density 329/km² (20th)
852/sq mi
                                  Religion Hindus: 80.5%
Muslims: 13.4%
Christian: 2.3%
Sikhs: 1.9%
                                  GDP (PPP) 2005 estimate
                                                    - Total $3.633 trillion (4th)
                                                    - Per capita $3344 (122nd)
                                  HDI (2003) 0.602 (127th) – medium
                                  Currency Rupee (Rs.)1 (INR)
                                  Time zone IST : GMT +5:30
                                  Calling code +91
 
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